Do you know what freckles are about?

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Dermatologists around the world urge that every change on the skin should be closely observed and regularly consulted with specialists. In this case, doctors talk not only about moles but also about… freckles! Why?

Freckles are completely normal, so if you have them, you do not have to panic. In fact, many fair-skinned women have them and like to show them off. For example, Bella Hadid regularly uploads photos of her freckled skin on her Instagram profile. By the way, it is not surprising, because a little bit of small “spots” on the cheeks and around the nose is considered a cute story.

What are freckles and why aren’t they visible in everyone?

Have you ever wondered where freckles come from? Well the answer is quite simple. These spots are nothing but the result of overproduction of melanin, appearing as the skin’s defense against the sun. Add the fact that melanocytes absorb UV rays and then produce more melanin (yes, yes, that’s how tanning happens). Experts explain that melanocytes are more active in the area where freckles typically appear.

You’re probably still wondering why some people have freckles and others don’t? Well, in this case the answer is even more simple – genes are responsible for everything. However, it is good to know that freckles can appear on any skin tone

Do you notice them on your body? This is a message that should be read as a signal from the body – “watch out, it’s getting dangerous”! Freckles are not a sign of disease, but a message of danger to the skin. So if you have them, do not shy away from high sunscreen creams. Freckled skin is very susceptible to sunburn and photosensitization. And let us remind you that with each such burn a person comes closer to cancer

How to distinguish freckles from cancerous lesions?

Although it may seem improbable to some, freckles can be mistaken for cancerous lesions. Is there any way to distinguish them well? Sun spots are flat, brown, and occur in areas that get the most sun exposure (e.g. face, shoulders, back). Cancerous lesions, on the other hand, are usually dark (they can even be black), often have an irregular shape, and can appear all over the body.

To be sure and have time to react appropriately, once a year everyone should go for a follow-up visit to a dermatologist and examine all the spots on the skin.

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